Kubernetes is a popular system for deploying distributed applications on clusters, particularly in the cloud. You can use Kubernetes to launch Dask clusters in the following ways:

Dask Kubernetes Operator

The Dask Kubernetes Operator is a set of Custom Resource Definitions (CRDs) and a controller that allows you to create and manage your Dask clusters as native Kubernetes resources.

Creating clusters can either be done via the Kubernetes API with kubectl or the Python API with KubeCluster.

helm install --repo https://helm.dask.org --create-namespace -n dask-operator --generate-name dask-kubernetes-operator
# Create a cluster with kubectl
kubectl apply -f - <<EOF
apiVersion: kubernetes.dask.org/v1
kind: DaskCluster
  name: my-dask-cluster
# Create a cluster in Python
from dask_kubernetes.operator import KubeCluster
cluster = KubeCluster(name="my-dask-cluster", image='ghcr.io/dask/dask:latest')

This is a good choice if you want to do the following:

  1. Have a Kubernetes native experience.

  2. Manage Dask clusters via the Kubernetes API and tools like kubectl.

  3. Integrate Dask with other tools and workloads running on Kubernetes.

  4. Compose Dask clusters as part of a larger Kubernetes application.

Learn more at kubernetes.dask.org.

Dask Gateway

Dask Gateway provides a secure, multi-tenant server for managing Dask clusters. It allows users to launch and use Dask clusters in a shared, centrally managed cluster environment, without requiring users to have direct access to the underlying cluster backend (e.g. Kubernetes, Hadoop/YARN, HPC Job queues, etc…).

helm install --repo https://helm.dask.org --create-namespace -n dask-gateway --generate-name dask-gateway
from dask_gateway import Gateway
gateway = Gateway("<gateway service address>")
cluster = gateway.new_cluster()

This is a good choice if you want to do the following:

  1. Abstract users away from Kubernetes.

  2. Provide a consistent Dask user experience across Kubernetes/Hadoop/HPC.

Learn more at gateway.dask.org.


You can also deploy Dask Gateway alongside JupyterHub using the DaskHub helm chart.

helm install --repo https://helm.dask.org --create-namespace -n daskhub --generate-name daskhub

Learn more at the artifacthub.io DaskHub page.

Single Cluster Helm Chart

You can deploy a single Dask cluster and (optionally) Jupyter on Kubernetes easily using Helm

helm install --repo https://helm.dask.org my-dask dask

This is a good choice if you want to do the following:

  1. Try out Dask for the first time on a cloud-based system like Amazon, Google, or Microsoft Azure where you already have a Kubernetes cluster. If you don’t already have Kubernetes deployed, see our Cloud documentation.

You can also use the HelmCluster cluster manager from dask-kubernetes to manage your Helm Dask cluster from within your Python session.

from dask_kubernetes import HelmCluster

cluster = HelmCluster(release_name="myrelease")

Learn more at the artifacthub.io Dask page.

Further Reading

You may also want to see the documentation on using Dask with Docker containers to help you manage your software environments on Kubernetes.